About: I am trying to do what I love to do. Looking for people to do it with!
This is an instructable for making your own pair of shoes with materials you can buy in an art store or a fabric store. I base my technique off of traditional shoe making methods, but you wont need expensive materials, a nice set up, or complex tools.This method will also create perfectly fitting shoes as the pattern will be drawn from your own feet!The total cost of this project is less than $50 and, will take under 20 hours.*Note: if you choose not to use leather, you shoes will probably be best as indoor-only shoes*Materials:The Shoe2 sqft 1/4 thick cork (OR shoe leather, which can be bought at a shoe repair store)1 yard of each fabric/leather used on the outside of the shoe1 yard of the fabric used on the inside of the shoeThread (thicker is best)8+ EyeletsShoe lacesMasking tapeSuperglue (or Shoe Goo)PaperThe Last (cast of your foot)13+oz. of alginate64+oz. of Permastone (or another casting material like rubber)Cardboard boxTapeTools:ScissorsRetractable utility knifeEyelet puncher (usually comes with eyelets)MarkerPliersNeedlesAwlCutting mat
The most important step in any project is the design phase. Think about the type of shoe you want to make and do some sketches.For my shoe, I ended up wanting to do a fancier-looking dancing shoe with a wider end that wouldnt constrict my toes.
We need to make a last before we do anything.A last is a hard, usually wooden, object that shoemakers build their shoes around. Lasts look like feet, with extra space in front of the toes to accommodate the sleek pointed style common in shoes.Lasts are important because they allow you to accurately draw your patterns, give you a harder surface to work with, and they also provide a quick context when you are unsure.Here you have two options:1) Buy a last: ask a shoemaker or do an Internet search (these are not expensive)2) Make a cast of your foot and augment that.Ill teach you how to make your own lasts, but if you choose to buy some, they arent very expensive.
Making lasts is a great way of ensuring a perfect fit for your feet. For this process, you will need alginate to make a mold of your foot, a casting material, and a box to hold your mold in.To make your mold, you first need a makeshift box for your foot.Leave plenty of room around your foot (note: the more space you leave the more alginate youll need to use).
Time to make your mold, which is a negative of your foot. Alginate can be found at most craft stores. Its non-toxic and good for single-use molds. Im using a 13 oz bag, which costs around $8. You may want to use a bag and a half, but we can make do with a single bag. This material will not damage your tools.First, mix the alginate and water in a large mixing bowl. You can use a spatula, but your hands are the best mixers. You will use around 6 cups of *COLD* water for an entire bag, but I highly recommend you add water gradually to your mixture isnt too liquidy.The alginate is ready to pour when it is gloopy.Working quickly, pour the mixed alginate into the box youve made.Put your foot in the box. Depending on whether you want your shoe to conform to your foot flat on the ground or not, you may want to suspend your foot in the alginate without letting it touch the ground.Your foot should be covered to slightly above the ankles in alginate. If you dont have enough alginate add some napkins to the empty space in the mold to fill it out.Wait for about 20 minutes until the alginate solidifies into sturdy jelly.
Remove your foot from the alginate mold. Be careful as you do this; the alginate will hold well, but you dont want to rip chunks off.If you are worried, you can use a utility knife to *carefully* cut along the top of your foot to pull your foot out.
You will need about 5 cups of your casting material for an average male shoe size (estimate). I am going to use Permastone, which is inexpensive and more durable than plaster. If you find yourself short of material, you can add filler in the form of napkins (as with the alginate mold) or powders like sawdust.Mix your material according to its instructions and pour it into your alginate mold. Put your bowl and mixer in the sink under running water while you work to minimize the risk of damage to your tools.Tips:1) Tilt your box back and forth to make sure you get it into the toes and crevices.2) Tap the sides of the box hard, shake it against the ground, and continue tilting it until to force air bubbles to the surface. This is satisfying.Remember though, were doing this cheap and easy, so your mold probably wont be perfect and thats OK.Let your cast sit until youre sure its dry.Note: I am using PermaStone, which is pretty cheap ($6 a box), but you can substitute another material such as rubber if you have the means. I do not recommend plaster, as it takes forever to dry and it is fragile.
When your material is dry, take apart your box so you have a big cube of alginate.Dont be shy: tear your alginate apart to reveal your mold. Dont worry about the alginate, its meant for a single use.If you are planning on wearing your shoes, youll want to make the other foot as well 🙂
Following your shoe design, crumple up tape and add it to the front on your cast to round off the end as you desire.It is important that you are satisfied with the shape of your last, because the shape of the last determines the shape of your shoe.
Wrap your entire last in two or three layers of masking tape (You need to cover the bottom of the last too!).Then, carefully draw the patterns for your shoe design on the tape.Finally, Cut your masking tape pattern along the lines you drew with your utility knife.*Importantly,* continue your cuts down onto the bottom of your last at least 1. You will need this extra fabric to properly sew your shoe together in later steps.Your pattern should consist of at least four parts (see the diagram).1) Vamp: This part covers your laces and moves down to the bottom of the shoe2) Counter: This is the back of the shoe. It is usually stiffer to give the shoe shape (but not necessarily)3) Toe: The front of the shoe4) The… other part: This part is in between the front of the shoe and the vamp.* Note: This process could also be used to copy the pattern of a shoe you really like *
Remove your patterns (careful not to tear them) and flatten your 3-D patterns into 2-D patterns.If you need to, cut darts (triangles) into the extra few inches of pattern from the bottom of the last to help the patterns flatten.
Trace your patterns on paper.Add a 1/4 seam allowance on all your patterns.If you are a new sewer, you may want to add even more allowance so that you can fudge your shoe construction.* Note: remember to draw a pattern for a shoe tongue as well (a rectangle whose shape is determined by your design). *
In the last step you drew your patterns on paper, and then drew an extra seam allowance.If we left things here wed have a problem: when stitching the fabric pieces together again it would be difficult to allow for the seam allowance purely by eye.So in this step we cut out small pockets along the original pattern tracing so that we can mark our materials in the next step.
Arrange your patterns on your fabric. Using either tape or pins, stick the patterns onto the fabric.Using a pencil or marker, lightly outline the patterns on the fabric and remember to mark the seam allowance in the holes we cut in the last step.Cut your pieces out.* Note: remember that you are cutting your patterns twice: once for the outer material and once for the inner material. ** Note: consider which side of your fabric you want showing. ** Remember: Keep your paper patterns; for the opposite shoe you will flip your patterns over and repeat. *
You now need to sew all of your patterns together. If you arent familiar with sewing, check out these next few steps for help.There are two ways you can stitch your pieces together. Consult the photos.The First Way:Line your patterns up and pin them together so that the seam allowance guides you marked follow each other. This may be a little difficult.Sew within your seam allowance. It is important to sew in a straight, smooth fashion or your seam will look messy when you invert the fabric.The Second Way:Depending on your style, you may want to cut the seam allowance off *one* of the two patterns, simply overlapping it with the adjacent pattern so that its edge lines up with the seam allowance markings you drew earlier.Once lined up you can stitch your pattern without needing to invert the fabric later. I did this on the outside of my shoe, using the white string in my stitching to accent my black leather pieces (see photos).*Note: user Lukieh suggests that machine-sewing or saddle stitching would improve the durability of the shoe, wherever sewing is required. I wholeheartedly agree. The stitching in this instructable is done in haste primarily, so, without a sewing machine, I didnt bother to saddle stitch.*
Sew your patterns back together can be straightforward if you know how to sew. If you dont here are some tips.*Before you begin, know which side will be showing and which side will be hidden (by the other fabric layer.) and work on the hidden side.*Sewing your darts back together will give your patterns shape.To sew these back together fold your fabric such that the corners of your two edges line up.Grip the point where the actual lines on the pattern (excluding the seam allowance) meet with one hand and sew towards it with your needle/sewing machine.Once you get to the point youre gripping, turn your sewing around and stitch back to the edge to ensure a strong stitch.Refer to the photos.
Once youve finished a stitch tie it off.The way I do this is by beginning a simple knot and then using my needle to guide the knot down close to the fabric.
Messing up sucks, but you can easily avoid problems if you constantly refer to your design and use your last as reference.
Leather is pretty tough to stitch through, so if youre using leather and you dont have a capable sewing machine, I recommend banging your holes into the leather before you begin stitching.You dont HAVE to do this, but it will save you some frustration.Using a $4 awl and a hammer (and a cutting mat/book I didnt want), I banged each hole into my leather.
Sew your pieces together until you have the two separate layers: the outside pattern and the inside pattern.Now, youll need to sew the inside pattern to the outside pattern.To do this line your seam allowances up (*with the wrong sides of the patterns facing outward*) and stitch along the 1/4 seam allowance you cut out earlier.
Make sure your sewing is neat and tight and when you have finished going completely around the ankle and the sides of your vamp (where your shoe laces will be) flip your pattern over.
Dont forget about the shoe tongue!To make this youll want to take your two shoe tongue pieces, the outer and inner, and line them up, their wrong sides facing outward.Sew along the 1/4 seam allowance on both of the sides and the top of the tongue. *Do not sew the bottom of the tongue shut.*Next, forcibly invert the tongue through its bottom (see photo).If your corners arent fully inverted you can push them out with a closed pare of scissors.At this step youll want to tack on your shoe tongue with a few stitches in discreet places.*Tip: sew some extra stitches around the bottom of your tongue sides to add some reinforcement.*
Before we move on to the sole of the shoe we need to add eyelets and laces to the upper.Eyelets are the holes where your laces will be threaded.Depending on what your design, you can either make holes in the fabric itself, or you can add metal eyelets. Its up to you.A fancy eyelet tool will cost you $20, but you can packs of eyelets often come with simpler tools that do the same thing.To add eyelets, mark the places on your fabric where you want to add shoe lace holes and, according to the instructions included on whatever tool youre using, punch holes or cut holes, place your eyelet pieces in, and punch them together. Its pretty simple!
Put your last inside your upper to fill its shape in.Pick a pair of laces youre happy with and tie your shoe for the very first time. Dont tie it so tight that your pattern distorts.At this point you are essentially done with your upper and we will be moving on to your soles.Make sure you have:1) sewn your patterns together.2) sewn your outer fabric to your inner fabric layer3) punched eyelet holes4) sewn your tongue on5) added laces
We are going to move on to the shoe sole. There are three parts of shoe soles.1) The insole: this is the part of the shoe that your foot comes in contact with. This must be slightly soft.2) The midsole: this is a part of the shoe we wont need to be making. Typically the midsole is curved to provide arch support.3) The outsole: This is the bottom of the shoe that makes contact with the ground. Usually made of sturdy leather or rubber.I will demonstrate everything using 1/4 and 1/8 cork, which is easy to find at any place with architectural supplies.Begin by tracing your last on a piece of 1/4 cork. Make sure you add around 1/2 extra so that you avoid cutting something too small.Cut out your sole with a utility blade.**These steps also work with shoe leather, which you can buy from a shoe repair store for around $30 a sole**
Soak your cork/leather sole in water for 24 hours.Tie your sole to your last tightly so that it conforms to the shape of your foot. Set it in the sun and let it dry.The sole will keep the shape of your arch when you untie it.
Hold (or secure) your insole to the bottom of your last.Since you left some extra material around your foot tracing, you should have some paring to do.Using your utility knife, carefully shape the insole to fit your last.I urge you to be careful. If you are using a harder material like sole leather cutting can be difficult. My best advice is to take your time and be happy cutting only a little away with each cut.Youll be paring down the rest of your sole pieces in the exact same way as you do here.
Cut out another sole.Then, cut a ring out of the sole about 1/2 from where your sole begins (see the photos).Affix this ring onto the bottom of your insole with superglue or another strong glue.Shoemakers use something called Shoe Goo, which is best for this project but harder to find. It also takes hours to dry and stinks, so super glue is fine!Do not throw away the other pieces of the sole from this step.
Put your insole and last into your upper (with its laces tied). Because your patterns continued onto the bottom of your last, you should have extra fabric that hangs down past the sole.Hold the fabric tightly against the ring of sole you glued on in the previous step.Now, using as thick a string as you can find, stitch through the fabric, through the ring of sole, and back, continuing around the entire shoe, pulling fabric tight as you go along.This can be time consuming and irritating, but one thing you can do to ensure this process goes forward is keep your needle level as you pierce the ring of sole.Expect to have a lot of excess fabric on the other side of your stitching.*Note: One tricky area is the heel of the shoe, which can be difficult to maneuver in. You can always pierce the sole diagonally if you have trouble at this point.**Note: If you have trouble pushing your needle through consider using pliers to pull it through.*Consult the photos if you arent sure what to do!
Once youve completely sewn around the shoe sole you should have some excess fabric. Use your utility knife to shave this fabric off.Your shoe is coming together!
Remember those sole pieces I told you to keep a few steps ago?Glue them into your sole now! You may have some problems putting the outer ring on, so you can trim some material off of the inside to make room for the fabric you sewed on.As with the insole, use your utility knife to trim off excess sole.
If you want a heel or some treads just add another layer of cork or leather!!
Add a final, thinner layer of cork or leather (the normal width is fine for that) to cover all the work you did affixing the sole to the upper.I used 1/8 cork.As always, trim off extra cork that you have.*Note: If you plan on using your shoes outdoor and you didnt use leather you can shellack your shoe to add some integrity to the material.*
Woo! Your shoe is officially done!Put it on and see how it fits. The shoe I made with cork was extra light and flexible, but still pretty classy looking.Now you have to make the other shoe :)You should definitely make a cast of your other foot, but you wont need to draw your patterns again.Take the paper patterns you drew and turn them over. If you made your right shoe first the flipped over patterns will fit a left shoe perfectly and vice versa.Good luck and I hope you enjoyed this homemade shoe Instructable!
Did you make this project? Share it with us!
Please be positive and constructive.
a good tip when working with any kind of alginate, silicone, latex, or any other casting material directly on skin is to put vaseline over any hair or to shave. as someone with hairy toes i view this as an important step! it will also make the mold release from your foot easier. this is what they do in the SFX industry to keep casts from pulling out models eyebrows.
so Id like to make a pair of leather boots, (the reason is- can not find anything that is long enough in the calves to suit my taste. Im a tall woman. I want a riding boot that actually comes up just a little past my knees, seems impossible to find without going to the Hooker Protocol thight boot lol any suggestions?
Hi there! Im a custom shoe & boot maker, and Im assuming youre not interested in paying what it would cost to have custom boots made. (Although, if youre interested, I could possibly point you in the direction of some people who are making the sort of thing youre looking for.) If youre seriously looking for something you can make yourself, out of leather, Id recommend modifying a pair of shoes that fit into boots rather than trying to make boots from scratch. Making a solid pair of footwear that looks good, lasts through more than a few days, and fits properly is extremely complicated. To modify shoes into boots, youd be covering over the existing shoes, in their existing pattern, with leather that then extends up the leg as far as you want it to go – probably best to do a fabric mock-up first, then do it in leather. Also, youll probably have more success with a boot that laces up the front or has a side zipper than with one without an opening. If youre interested, Id be happy to recommend materials or methods for going that route.
Hi SunnyMakesShoes! .. what a great suggestion. If (in 2018) youre still happy to recommend materials or methods for going that route I, for one, sure appreciate that!!
Sure thing! If you want to modify a pair of shoes into a pair of boots, (hey – I should do an instructible on that!) heres the bare bones, text-version:
Put on the shoes. Have a friend help with this. If you want to wear pants under the boots, wear them. Wrap some scrap fabric (old bedsheet, muslin, whatever) around your ankle and leg, and then cover the whole thing – shoe & leg, with masking or duct tape. Keep it close to the body, but dont cinch down. Once your leg is encased, use a sharpie to draw the opening (either a lacing gap up the front, or a place for a side or back zipper, if the shoe is a slip-on). Cut off the fabric and tape down that line (be careful not to cut your pants!) and take off the shoe; peel the tape off the shoe, as well – now you have a pattern! To make the pattern work best, follow the existing seam lines of the shoe.
Id make the new upper out of a thinner leather – something around 4 oz – or, you could cover the shoe parts with a thinner material (leather or fabric), and then bulk up the upper parts by laminating or stitching together a couple of layers.
After youve made your new uppers, rough up the surface of the shoe, and glue the foot parts to the shoe. Trim close to the edge of the sole. if the edge is rough, you can glue in a piece of cord or trim to cover that up.
WOW!! William, I just wanted to send you a Huuuuuge THANK YOU from the bottom of my heart from Down Under! (Australia) The attention to detail, time & effort and good will that has obviously gone into documenting your steps for the benefit of others are greatly appreciated! Onya, mate! ; )
I found myself wondering how useful this was for making your own BOOTS inside wherever you happened to be a resident. Chances were that I would eventually find out by doing.
Thank you for this useful article! Though Im a woman, Ive never owned more than 2 or maybe 3 pairs of shoes at one time because I was born with two feet of different sizes and have to buy 2 pairs of shoes instead of one. Now, I know how to custom make my own and it will be less expensive in the long run than having to shell out money on shoes I never will wear! I will have to experiment to get the kind of shoes I want for formal wear though.
Curious777, I recommend that you look for small shoe manufacturer in your country. They may be able to serve you. I am part of SOM Footwear in Colorado, and we serve different sizes feet on a regular basis, at no additional cost. Hope this is to help you.
I still havent got round to making these but cant wait!
This tutorial could also work for high boots. The main difference would be that whoever followed it would have to make the uppers rise higher on the leg; that could call for lasts that would employ more alginate.
That said, I have plans to make use of this tutorial to construct boots for myself. Once I do, I mean to add the I made it tag.
love your details, thank you so much for sharing! I am making moccasins and medieval moccasins and have been trying to figure out how to do the soles and getting the shape down packed has been a challenge and I am so picky! this last is the missing link I think to perfecting my shoes!! thank you so much! the only thing is, because this is for my business it would be beneficial to have one if it was adjustable to different sizes…
A couple of great ideas here, I will definitely use some!
Just a word of warning: be careful with reusing right foot pattern for the left foot *and the other way around), its totally not uncommon to have different sizes on different feet. But then again, I guess this should be pretty obvious for those familiar with the problem 🙂
The last is actually not needed for pattern creation as you obviously can use your feet (just put some socks on). Ive sewn three pairs of moccasins without ever using one, it depends on the design of your shoes. But it is most useful when sewing uppers to the outsoles.
And to those puzzled by how to remove last, I can suggest to untie the lases. The last is just a cast of your foot after all and youll expect to be able put your feet in and out your shoes 😉
I think the soles in these DIY huaraches kits from Xero Shoes would last longer than other materials – they offer a 5,000 mile warranty on the soles! 🙂
most wear resistant sole material you can find is crepe. 1 square foot panels, in 3 or 4 mm, can be purchased from tandy leather for about $12.
a useful method for making the shoes more waterproof and durable, especially when making them with all fabric, is to take the outer material and prep a mix of equal parts beeswax and linseed oil. paint the mixture onto the material while its hot and molten, let it soak in, and thats it, waterproof. itll stiffen the fabric a bit, and darken the colours some, but you end up with an extremely durable waterproofing that works for cloth and leather.
I havent made shoes from scratch but have worked with shoe materials and anatomic plaster models.
Adhesives: Barge is outstanding. Renia is also outstanding. I actually prefer Renia but it is expensive and a little tricky to purchase unless youre a professional.
Barge is easier (an advert for ShoeGoo popped up on Amazon when I searched for Barge):
Modifying plaster is possible and mostly easy. You can extend/round the toe box by placing the foot mold sole side down. Then staple a 1.5 wide strip of plastic (like 1/8 polypropylene) to the sides of the foot so the strip makes a loop around the front of the toes and makes full contact with the work surface. This plastic is going to serve as a barrier for plaster, if there are gaps the plaster will seep. Then mix about 1/2-3/4 cup of plaster so it is silky smooth. Pour the plaster between the toes and the plastic. Wait. When the plaster has set pry off the staples and plastic. Shape as needed using a surform rasp.
Or modify like in this video around the toe box.
Im planning to do this soon, I am a little confused though on how you removed your foot from the mold without ruining it?