3DPRINTCANALHOUSE by DUS Architects

Visiting Address: Asterweg 149, 1031 HM Amsterdam (by appointment only)

Postal Address: Asterweg 149, 1031 HM Amsterdam

The 3D Print Canal House is located in Amsterdam North and easily accessible by car and public transport. It is also just a short bike ride or a 15 minute walk away from Amsterdam Central Station.

Westbound: At the A10 Motorway take exit S118 followed by Klaprozenweg, Ridderspoorweg and Asterweg. You will approach the main entrance (Asterweg 149) from the north, with the 3D Print Canal House on your right.

Eastbound: At the A10 Motorway take exit S116 followed by Nieuwe Leeuwarderweg, Johan van Hasseltweg, Klaprozenweg, Ridderspoorweg and Asterweg. You will approach the main entrance (Asterweg 49) from the north, with the 3D Print Canal House on your right.

From Amsterdam Central Station, by bus: Take the exit marked Noord. Cross the road, and you will then see the ferries. Take the (free) Buiksloterweg ferry to the other side of the IJ waterway (ferries depart every 6 minutes).

After leaving the ferry, take bus 38 from Buikslotwerg and get off at stop Distelweg. You will approach the main entrance (Asterweg 149) from the north, with the 3D Print Canal House on your right.

From Amsterdam Central Station, by foot or bicycle: Take the exit marked Noord. Cross the road, and you will then see the ferries. Take the (free) Buiksloterweg ferry to the other side of the IJ waterway (ferries depart every 6 minutes). After leaving the ferry, turn left towards EYE film museum (the futuristic white building). Pass EYE and follow the cycle and footpath (IJpromenade) along the IJ. After 400 meters, turn right into the Grasweg and proceed to (the sign of) the Hyperion Lyceum). From the Hyperion Lyceum, take the first block on the left to the Asterweg. At the end of the Asterweg, after about 500 meters, you will find the main entrance (Asterweg 149) with the 3D Print Canal House on your left.

From Westerdoksdijk: Take the ferry to the Distelweg and follow the Distelweg. After about 400 meters, turn right to the Asterweg. Go straight forward and you will find the main entrance (Asterweg 149) with the 3D Print Canal House on your right.

At the 3D Print Canal House, we offer you the possibility to learn more about the project and to speak

At the 3D Print Canal House, we offer you the possibility to learn more about the project and to speak to one of the enthusiastic DUS employees. Everything we do is personal and custom made – feel free to contact us about other options.

Please note that presentations and bookings are possible from Monday to Friday between 11:00 and 17:00. For reservations outside these times, extra charges may apply. Please contact for more information.

For those who want to go more in depth, DUS architects offer custom made presentations for groups or even individuals. We have a special lecture room which looks over the building site. A presentation goes in depth about the design philosophy and background of DUS and allows you to engage in a dialogue about the project.

Each presentation includes a personal tour.

Costs: €500,- ex VAT for a group of max 25 people. (larger groups possible upon request).

Presentations can be booked on Monday – Friday. If you wish to book a tour on a Saturday, please contact for options.

A weekend supplement of 150% applies.

A presentation by one of the founders and partners of DUS or a custom made program is possible upon request.

At the 3D Print Canal House we always give tours, presentations and programmes that are organised and made based on what you want.

Therefore, we prefer bookings to be made at least one week in advance. An invoice will be sent after the visit with all payment details.

Please note that the cancellation policy is as follows:

Up to 3 days in advance: no charges.

3 days – 24 hours in advance: 50% of the payment has to be made.

Less than 24 hours in advance: full payment of the programme.

(This does not apply for the walk-in tours on Wednesdays).

The 3D Print Canal House is supported by a large eco-system of cross-sectoral partners.

The 3D Print Canal House is supported by a large eco-system of cross-sectoral partners.

RIJKSDIENST VOOR ONDERNEMEND NEDERLAND

It is easy to click in, but hard to pull out. The new clicking system we developed to assemble the 3D printed parts looks like LEGO for grown-ups! Each room explores a new construction system.For the Entrance Room, we were looking for a simple system to connect the printed pieces (as each printed room consists of several parts). The click system works without having to uplift parts to great height to be able to slide it in. So we tested new ways to join the printed parts together and we found a way. It allows parts to be pushed into each other. Click, and there is no way to pull it out again.

The 3D Print Canal House is printed with the XL 3D printer. The house design consists of several room types, which are assembled digitally and converted into one structural design

Each room is printed separately on site before being assembled into one house. This way the rooms can be carefully tested in a safe and easy accessible manner. Each room is different and consists of complex and tailor-made architecture and unique design features. The structure is scripted and this creates its proper strength but also generates ornament, and allows for new types of smart features, such as angled shading scripted to the exact solar angle. Each printed room consists of several parts, which are joined together as large Lego-like blocks. Both the outside façade as the interior are printed at once, in one element. Within the 3D printed walls are spares for connecting construction, cables, pipes, communication technique, wiring etc.

The rooms themselves are entirely structurally sound. In the second phase of the project, the separate rooms are assembled into connected floors, and then stacked into the entire house. Added advantage is that the rooms can fairly easy be disconnected in case the house needs to be relocated.

The main facade of the 3D Print Canal House has an extra special character as it showcases how the 3D-print technique develops. The ground floor has modest ornament: As the 3D print technique develops and the number of building elements grows also the level of experiment in ornament rises, which is expressed in the most richly decorated part of the façade: The step gable.

The structural aspects are tested both digitally and on site in collaboration with the structural engineers of Tentech. The construction is based on a structural extruded printed grid that can take several shapes. Folds in the structure generate strength, so the level of ornaments enhances the construction. Each printed element consists of numerous diagonal hollow collumns. When the elements are mounted together the hollow collumns create large structural crosses that support the entire structure.

Heijmans is building partner of the project and takes charge in the building of the house, and the developing of new means of connecting the separate elements into a safe ans solid house.

Today we started printing a 6m tall wall. The wall has shafts of different dimensions. The larger structural shaft run towards the locations where adjacent rooms need support. These shafts will be cast with Henkels Eco-concrete, and will so create a the structural framework of the house.

Both sides of the wall have a different set of shafts. On one side the shafts have a slight inclination from bottom-right to upper-left, while on the other side of the wall the shafts run in the opposite direction. This way the to sides together create structural crosses.

All parameters we work with are scripted. This allowed us to change the dimensions of the structural shafts during the design process to match the structural demands from our structural engineer partner Tentech, without redrawing the complex design over and over.

3D-printing and scripting are perfect partners in terms of flexibility. While scripting allows us to create designs that can easily be adapted to changing circumstances of all kinds, the printer doesnt bother if it prints a series of similar copies, or an awesome series of unique pieces.

The last few weeks we have been experimenting with inclined shafts. The new house-pieces we print contain a double layer of shafts, one side running in one direction, the other side in the other direction. The script we developed for these designs allows us to change the shaft dimensions and the angle of the shafts.

The coming weeks we are taking this a few steps further by adding parameters to the script. We will update you soon!

Second XL 3D printer is in the making. Together with construction studio Fiction Factory we are assembling and installing the XL 3D printer on the building site. We are super excited to start working with it and experience its upgraded features!

The second silver container can be spotted next to the first XL 3D printer on the site. With a similar shiny silver appearance to the first printer, it doesnt give much away about its improved features. But beauty comes from within: the second XL 3D printer really is a XL 3D printer 2.0: it has an automated material input and remote control. As a result the control room at the top of the XL 3D printer can be dismissed, giving us up to 200% of the original print volume. And we never have to climb the steep stair to refill the printer anymore. Moreover, we can upload files when and wherever we want. XL 3D printer 2.0 is controlled via its own website and will print 24/7 because it has an integrated drying system!

We recently broke our speed record with the first XL 3D printer. The maximum speed we tested was 240 mm/s. That is the size of your water bottle every second. XL 3D printer 2.0 will even print faster and still be more sustainable because it consumes less energy. Soon we will be able to print not just twice as fast with two printers, but more than three times as fast! (and counting)

Less than one year ago we moved the XL 3D printer to its current location. Now Fiction Factory is building up the second XL 3D printer – soon well be able to print more, better and faster!

By attaching two powerful fans to the printer head of the XL 3D printer we are again able to print faster! This especially benefits the (parts of) pieces that have a small surface area. Before, we had to slow down the printer with these pieces because the track it has to follow is smaller, thus leaving less time for the previous layer to harden. The fans quicken the hardening process of the previous layer, allowing us to print faster and more accurate.

With the update of its engine, the XL 3D printer is now printing at more than three times its initial speed! Since we didnt want to climb the steep stairs anymore to refill the printer every 20 minutes or so, weve printed an enlargement of the container that holds the printing material.

The XL 3D printer is moved to the construction site of the 3D Print Canal House! Now It wont be long before we can 3D print on site!

The start of a test print with a new hotmelt from Henkel.

The canal house design continues to evolve and our tests continue to grow as we break the 2.5m barrier!

Snapshot movie of last Saturdays 3D-print-test researching new material settings and constructive ornament ideas.

Partner DOEN visited the KamerMaker. We had a nice analogue presentation and discussion about the effects and future possibilities of 3D printing.

Today the KamerMaker is one of the Amsterdam locations for the international press visit in the context of the Coronation fever. Crews from Russia, Japan, Costa Rica, Germany, Norway and many others where interested to see the innovative side of Amsterdam.

Today we celebrated the launch of the building of the Worlds first 3D-printed Canal House. Amsterdam deputy mayor Carolien Gehrels, Amsterdam Smart City partners, the Amsterdam Economic Board, the Dutch Building Industries and DUS architects with the KamerMaker team signed a letter of intent and secure the start of the first building phase in 2013. It starts today!

Adding virtual layers to our canal house! We had a very nice meeting with augmented reality artist Sander Veenhof, testing the merging of 3D printing and augmented reality. The result was shown live at Vodafone Firestarters

The KamerMaker has been printing during the recent snow period! Stichting DOEN also gave us a visit to talk about what the KamerMaker will do in the upcoming year. We gave them a little demonstration.

We are assembling our new high-tec extruder for the KamerMaker with Servan from Xtrution,JorisandSiert!

almost the end of 2012… heres a sneak peek of our future plans… what if we could 3D Print a house, room by room, with the XL 3D printer?

The KamerMaker has been open for almost 4 weeks now and we wanted to give you a update on the printing research and development.

We are currently test printing with an extruder whichJoriscreated especially for the KamerMaker. The design for the extruder is based on anUltimaker, however it accepts 3 filaments of plastic rather than one.  The extruder was assembled from 3d printed parts (which were printed on an Ultimaker) and laser cut wood pieces.  The output of the extruder is not enough for XXL prints (2m x 2m x 3.5m) but so far it has worked for XL prints (.5m x .5m x 2m).

Last Friday, we planned on printing a 1.5m tall column over the course of one day, however the weather did not cooperate with us, so we had to start our print in the afternoon and continue into the evening.  Even though we didnt achieve the height we wanted, it was a great opportunity to see what the KamerMaker looks like at night.

Since the opening we have been receiving a steady stream of visitors at the KamerMaker.  The visitors have ranged from designers/design students who would like to print an object to local residents who are curious about the project.  Many people have asked when and how they can print their own design on the KamerMaker, however we are not ready for that at this time.  The plan is that over the next few months we will continue to test different extruders and really perfect the technique.  After we have successfully printed several pieces and feel the print quality is up to par, then we will open up the KamerMaker to other designers.  Until then, everyone is welcome to stop by the KamerMaker to follow the live testing and experimenting.

The XL 3D printer is officially up and running!On Sunday we celebrated the opening of the worlds largest portable 3d printer in the front garden of our office. We had great weather for the opening and there was a large and diverse turnout. Thanks again to Carolien Gehrels, Deputy Mayor of Amsterdam for helping us officially open the XL 3D printer.

We have to thank all the collaborators for their hard and dedication to the project. Thanks again to the Open Coop, Ultimaker Ltd, Rooie Joris, Fablab Protospace, Fiction Factory, Faberdashery, Xtrution, Almond Techniek, Tentech, Stamhuis Techniek, Amsterdam Energie and other volunteer enthusiasts which helped make the XL 3D printer opening such a success.

And here is a video of the opening which was shot by Siert Wijnia from Ultimaker:

We would like to invite EVERYONE to the official opening of the KamerMaker on September 16th in front garden of our office in Amsterdam.  Feel free to stop by to see the KamerMaker in action.  Stay tuned for more details

We have been working withJorisat Protospace to develop a new high powered Ultimaker extruder which uses 3 plastic filaments at one once instead of one.  This is still a rough prototype, but we have got some nice results from it.  One of the most exciting opportunities is that we can begin to easily mix colors in our prints.  We attached the extruder to the CNC milling machine at Protospace to do some full scale testing.  Thanks to Joris for his hard work on this and we look forward to testing it on the KamerMaker and also thanks toProtospacefor letting us use their space for testing.

Its been a while since a posted an update on the KamerMaker, but that is because we have been so busy getting ready for the official opening on September 16th.  For the past couple of weeks we have been preparing the garden space in front of our office for the delivery of the shipping container next week!  Today the concrete pads were delivered which will be used as the base for the shipping container. Fiction Factory is finishing up installing the facade, and next week the XYZ gantry will be installed at Fiction Factory.

The KamerMaker is really starting to take shape at Fiction Factory, because last week the stainless steel panels arrived and the installation has begun.  We are hoping that the facade will be installed by the end of this week.  Unfortunately, everyone will have to wait until September for the big reveal of the mirror facade, which is when we will take off the protective plastic.  Thanks again toFiction Factoryfor their hard work on the project.  Next step is printing all the wind mills for the facade!

We would like to share the final design for the facade of the KamerMaker which is currently being fabricated.  As wementioned earlier, we are using a shipping container as the main frame for the KamerMaker, and will be tilting it up vertically rather than horizontally, so that we will be able to print rooms that are 3 meters tall!   The container will be clad with perforated stainless steel panels, which will have 3d printed objects inserted into the perforations.  As we mentioned in aprevious post,we will be hosting the the next Ultimaker meetup on July 16th at the Open Coop in Amsterdam,where we will begin printing wind turbines for the facade.  So, for those who may be interested in Ultimaker, own an Ultimaker, or is interested in the KamerMaker are invited to this event and help us print our facade.

Despite the unforgiving weather yesterday, we had a great turnout for the Ultimaker meetup at our office.  There was a very energetic and collaborative atmosphere where attendees helped us 3d print wind turbines for the facade, offered their advice about the wind turbine design, and engaged in some nice discussions about the design of the KamerMaker.  Thanks for everyone who attended and we look forward to continuing to be engaged in this collaborative community.

We would like to invite you to an fun event next weekend (Sunday, June 17th) that we will be taking part in.  The event will be hosted by theTolhuistuinand will celebrate the opening of the new garden space in front of the Open Coop.  DUS will participating in a birdhouse building workshop where kids will be able to design and 3D print their own birdhouse!  Our 3D printing workshop will be taking place on the site where the KamerMaker will be installed next month.  So, if you are interested in attending the event, you can find our more information here:

This week we attended the NetherlandsUltimakermeetup atProtospacein Utrecht.  Every six weeks, Ultimaker users meet at different locations to discuss new developments, test new machines, troubleshoot problems, and present ideas related to Ulimaker.  We attended this meetup to present the KamerMaker to the community and present our idea for the next meetup.

Our idea is to host the next Ultimaker meetup at theOpen Coopin Amsterdam, and have the attendees help us print pieces for the facade of the KamerMaker.  The facade for the KamerMaker will be made out of perforated stainless steel where we will insert 3d printed pieces into the perforations.  We would like to print small wind turbines which can generate enough energy to power an LED.  We are currently testing different designs and will publish those soon.  So,the next meetup will be on July 16th at the Open Coop in Amsterdamwhere the KamerMaker will be.  So, we would like to open up an invitation to anyone who may be interested in Ultimaker, owns an Ultimaker, or is interested in the KamerMaker to attend the event and help us print our facade.  The idea is that people will bring their Ultimakers to the Open Coop, DUS will provide designs to printed and print material (3mm filament).  Keep following the blog for more information and details about this event.

Is the KamerMaker a utopic dream?  Well, last week we participated in a discussion with several other architects/theorists where we discussed that question along with various other topics related to utopian architecture.  The discussion,  namedFailed Architecture, was part of ongoing series of lectures atTrouwAmsterdam.It was great for us think about the KamerMaker within this context and project its implications to architecture and construction.  We look forward to continuing this discussion with the public when the KamerMaker is up and running!

We recently purchased a shipping container which will be used as the main frame for the KamerMaker.  It is currently at Fiction Factory where they first dismantled it and are now rebuilding it.  However, for the KamerMaker we would like to use the container frame in a unconventional manner by tilting it up vertically rather than horizontally, so that we will be able to print rooms that are 3 meters tall!   Today was a big day for us because the container was flipped up vertically for the first time.  It was great to see the new frame and understand how big our prints are going to be!

We recently visited an extruder manufacturer to continue our research into how extruders work and how to create one.   We tested several different sizes and types of extruders to see which one would fit our application.

We created our first full scale full print!  We have been working at Protospace for the past month to create and test a full scale plastic extruder.  Last week we finally got the extruder up and working , so we atttached it to the CNC milling machine to see what it could make.  Even though it works, this is just the beginning and we have many more tests to perform.

At our last design meeting we discussed our updated facade design with Fiction Factory and how we can develop a plastic extruder with Joris from EPMD.

Look at the shipment that we received last weekthis container will be the base for the KamerMaker!

We recently had a meeting at our office with Ultimaker and Joris fromEPMDto discuss the overall schedule of the project, extrusion technique, and the XYZ framework of the printer.  We had some good discussions and everyone is really excited to see the KamerMaker working soon

We would like thank everyone who came by on Saturday to visit the launch party!  It was great to talk and share our ideas about the project with experts and non-experts in 3D printing.  We received nice feedback from many of the visitors which we hope to apply to the project.

Today, we are putting the finishing touches on a scale model of the XL 3D printer for the Object Rotterdam exhibit. Here are is sneak peek of the model

Here is our animation of the XL 3D printer in action!

Here is one of the first KamerMaker designs!

3D printing is a fascinating new production technique. It allows you to

3D printing is a fascinating new production technique. It allows you to directly translate a digital file into a physical product. 3D printing can have huge implications for the way we fabricate things – for example the elimination of waste, transport costs and standardisation of elements – DUS architects is investigating what the implications of 3D printing are for the building industry. What better way to do this than by 3D printing an entire house?

The canal house is a symbol of Amsterdam. When the canal belt was built 400 years ago, Amsterdam was a prime example of innovation. Each canal house can house several functions, such as trade, storage, living, craft, and each canal house is richly ornamented and unique. A canal house is recognizable and attractive. It is interesting to investigate what this traditional archetype can be in a 21st century context. 3D printing a canal house shows the world how to combine traditional local values with new innovative ideas.

3. What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of 3D printing a building?

One great advantage of 3D printing over traditional building techniques (such as prefabricated concrete) is the possibilities of using a high level of detail and ornament and variation. Rather than using standardized elements, 3D printed designs can each be modified and customized to fit the users needs and taste. It will no longer be more expensive or more labour intensive to add details to for example your façade and it is easy to create unique objects.

3D printing is an additive manufacturing technique. That means the process goes straight from the raw material to the final product, thus eliminating waste. There are no transport costs, as designs can simply be transferred digitally and printed locally. This also implies that when 3D printing is used widely in each part of the world, it will no longer be cheaper to have things produced in countries like China or Bangladesh as opposed to the Netherlands. Everyone can just produce everything in their own local context.

In terms of disadvantages, it is obviously a huge challenge to create a building that complies with all the current building regulations. There is the question of insulation, fireproofing, wind loads, foundationsthese, as well as the possible materials to print with (using this printer) are all things that are being researched and investigated.

The XL 3D printer works in exactly the same way as the Ultimaker, the small desktop 3D printer, as it is simply an upscaled version. A digital design is placed in the brain of the printer, a very simple computer, where it is translated into a G-code. A G-code is a file that slices a 3D model into layers. This file programs the printer to move along a path that is optimal for that design, layer by layer.

In the control room of the printer is also the material supply. We print with plastic in the form of granulate which enters an extruder via a funnel. In the extruder the granulate is heated (the material melts at 170 degrees Celsius) and pressed together to a homogeneous liquid. This is brought to the printer head by a heated tube. The printer head extrudes the melted material along the programmed path on the X and Y axes and when finished moves up one step along the Z axis. This is fairly similar to a normal printer, only with one more direction, which allows objects to be printed layer by layer.

5. What materials does the XL 3D printer print with?

We are currently printing with bioplastics. The granulate that goes into the XL 3D printer is called Macromelt, a type of industrial glue (Hotmelt) developed by Henkel. It is made of 80% of vegetable oil. It melts at 170 degrees Celsius. We aim to print with a material that is sustainable, of biological origin, melts at a relatively low temperature, and of course is sturdy and stable. We are also researching the possibilities of printing with recycled materials: Plastics of course, but were also looking into using wood pallets and natural stone waste.

Technically, the XL 3D printer can print with any material that melts (at a temperature that isnt too high) and then hardens again.

7. Who are the initiators and partners?

DUS architects is the initiator of both de XL 3D printer and the 3D Print Canal House. DUS architects is an Amsterdam based architecture office founded in 2004 by Hans Vermeulen, Hedwig Heinsman and Martine de Wit. DUS architects builds public architecture: Architecture that influences the public domain using scale 1:1 models, urban process- and strategy design, and that ranges from temporary interiors to long-term urban transformation trajectories.

DUS architects is collaborating with lots of important partners who invest in the project with knowledge and means. For example:

Henkel is developing a new sustainable 3D print material for the building industries.

Heijmans is researching what new construction techniques are needed for 3D printing buildings.

The Municipality of Amsterdam investigates the effect of the digital maker-industries on regulations and opportunities for employment.

Check our website an actual overview of all our courageous partners!

The project is partially funded by the municipality of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Fund for the Arts and the DOEN Foundation, and partially by the contributions of our partners. A lot of the sponsorship the 3D Print Canal House gets is in natura, through contributing knowledge or materials. In fact, the 3D Print Canal House is one big collaboration project, in which everybody shares and gets a share.

And of course our visitors help finance the house by paying an entrance fee!

That is impossible to say since all of the materials we use have never been on the market for this purpose. The 3D Print Canal House is a research project partially funded and partially created by DUS architects and its partners. At the end of the research trajectory, we hope to be able to give an accurate estimate of what it takes to 3D print a house. The goal is to create a cost-effective building technique for building sustainable and comfortable houses.

10. What is there to do at the 3D print canal house?

The construction site of the 3D print canal house not just a building site, it is an open wo

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